International Journal of Optimization in Civil Engineering
http://ijoce.iust.ac.ir
Iran University of Science & Technology - Journal articles for year 2021, Volume 11, Number 4Yektaweb Collection - https://yektaweb.comen2021/11/10OPTIMIZATION OF STEEL FRAMES WITH RELIABILITY CONSTRAINT UNDER THE EFFECT OF FIRE LOAD USING COLLIDING BODIES OPTIMIZATION ALGORITHM
http://cefsse.iust.ac.ir/ijoce/browse.php?a_id=490&sid=1&slc_lang=en
In recent decades, steel was used more than other materials in structural engineering. However, the safety of high-heat steel structures dramatically decreased, due to steel mechanical properties. Therefore, the design process should be done in a way that the structure has the required resistance at high temperatures and during the fire, according to the effect of heat on the performance of steel structures. In this study, the optimal design process of steel structures is considered under the fire load. In the optimal design process, the failure risk of the structure members is considered as a constraint. Therefore, the optimization process requires thermal and structural reliability analysis. A parametric model has been used to analyse the reliability of the structure in the fire limit state. The optimization process is also performed based on the Colliding Bodies Optimization (CBO) algorithm. In order to evaluate the optimal design process, 3 and 6-floors frames have been investigated. The results showed that the members' condition is effective in the structural resistance for the thermal loading. On the contrary, the structure design based on the reliability under the fire load provides a proper prediction from the behaviour of the structure and satisfies the requirements for the common state of design.M.H. TalebpourIMPLEMENTATION OF SMART TEMPERATURE MONITORING AND CONTROLLING SYSTEM IN URBAN PUBLIC SPACES
http://cefsse.iust.ac.ir/ijoce/browse.php?a_id=494&sid=1&slc_lang=en
Optimization of public space energy consumption can basically improve the savings and the ratio of energy consumption and resources entirely. In this regard any methodology and system to shorten the redundant use of energy in different spots of the public space and to distribute energy based on significance of each zone will contribute in the task. This study has sought to develop a prototype of a multi-function smart system to monitor and control the use of energy in a space in terms of temperature, brightness and ventilation based on the significance of each zone according to the traffic calculated during time periods. Although in the current prototype there has not yet been photovoltaics embedded in the device, it has been accounted for in software section.<br>
The monitoring system performs to monitor and store temperature, light intensity, CO<sub>2 </sub>concentration, and traffic at each zone while control system acts based on the zone significance and mechanism used in each energy consuming device including heaters, coolers, lights, etc. Findings on pilot scale shows that optimization of energy usage by such a system can drastically reduce space energy consumption while the optimal configuration of the multi-function system depends on the space conditions. Space conditions include climatic, area, etc. Although zero-energy building require further researches to be realized and utilized, this system can be perceived as first steps toward this goal.M. IzadiDESIGN OPTIMIZATION OF MOMENT FRAME STRUCTURES BASED ON NATURAL FREQUENCY CONSTRAINTS USING THE ADAPTIVE CHARGED SYSTEM SEARCH ALGORITHM
http://cefsse.iust.ac.ir/ijoce/browse.php?a_id=495&sid=1&slc_lang=en
Natural frequencies of a structure give useful information about the structural response to dynamic loading. These frequencies should be far enough from the critical frequency range of dynamic excitations like earthquakes in order to prevent the resonance phenomenon sufficiently. Although there are many investigations on optimization of truss structures subjected to frequency constraints, just a few studies have been considered for optimal design of frame structures under these constraints. In this paper, a recently proposed metaheuristic algorithm called Adaptive Charged System Search (ACSS) is applied to optimal design of steel frame structures considering the frequency constraints. Benchmark design examples are solved with the ACSS, and optimization results are illustrated in terms of some statistical indices, convergence history and solution quality. The design examples include three planar steel frames with small to large number of design variables. Results show that the ACSS outperforms the charged system search algorithm in this sizing optimization problem.P. ZakianOPTIMIZATION OF HARAZ DAM RESERVOIR OPERATION
USING CBO METAHEURISTIC ALGORITHM
http://cefsse.iust.ac.ir/ijoce/browse.php?a_id=496&sid=1&slc_lang=en
Optimization has always been a human concern from ancient times to the present day, also in light of advances in computing equipment and systems, optimization techniques have become increasingly important in different applications. The role of metaheuristic algorithms in optimizing and solving engineering problems is expanding every day, optimization has also had many applications in water engineering. Every year, the effects of climate change and the water crisis deepen and worsen in many parts of the world, and existing water management becomes much more vital and critical. One of the main centers for water management and control dams reservoirs. In this paper, applying the CBO metaheuristic algorithm, the results of optimization in the operation of the Haraz dam reservoir in northern Iran, which has previously been done with FA and GA algorithms and standard operation system (SOP), are reviewed and compared. With the implementation of the CBO algorithm, all results and key outputs such as program runtime, annual water shortages, and vulnerabilities are much better than previous calculations, all the results are mentioned in the text of the article, but for example, the annual water shortage has reached about 38% of the FA algorithm, about 25% of the GA algorithm and about 13% of the SOP method. The numerical results demonstrate that the CBO algorithm has merits in solving challenging optimization problems and using this innovative algorithm can be an important starting point in the operation of dam reservoirs around the world.A. A. SaberiEVALUATING SEISMIC RESISTANCE PARAMETERS OF OPTIMIZED REINFORCED CONCRETE MOMENT FRAMES USING AN INITIAL COST OBJECTIVE FUNCTION
http://cefsse.iust.ac.ir/ijoce/browse.php?a_id=497&sid=1&slc_lang=en
The main object in optimizing reinforced concrete frames based on the performance is decreasing the initial cost or life cycle cost or total cost. The optimization performed here is with the requirement of satisfying story drifts and rotation of plastic hinges. However, this optimization may decrease seismic strength of the structure. Newton Meta-Heuristic Algorithm (NMA) was used to optimize three-, six-, and twelve-story reinforced concrete frames based on the performance and utilizing the cost objective function. The seismic parameters of the optimized frames were calculated. The results showed that the inter-story drifts at the performance level of LS controls the design. According to the results, the objective function for construction cost is not useful for the optimization of the reinforced concrete frames. Because the amounts of the over strength, the absorbed plastic energy, and the ductility factor for the optimized frames are low using the objective function for the construction cost.M. DaneshOPTIMUM LEVEL OF DISCRETE WAVELET DECOMPOSITION FOR DYNAMIC ANALYSIS OF HYDRAULIC STRUCTURES
http://cefsse.iust.ac.ir/ijoce/browse.php?a_id=498&sid=1&slc_lang=en
Seismic analysis of structures is a process for estimating the response of structures subjected to earthquakes. For this purpose, the earthquake is analyzed using the wavelet theory. In this paper, the primary signal of the earthquake is decomposed through a discrete wavelet transform, and their corresponding response spectrum is obtained. Then, the percentage difference between the decomposed signals and the main one is computed. Therefore, for different earthquakes, a comparison between the response spectrum is studied in various types of dams. The acceleration, velocity, and displacement responses are computed and compared to achieve an appropriate level of decomposition, which can be used instead of the primary signal. Therefore, the decomposition process leads to attaining acceptable accuracy as well as low computational cost. The investigation revealed that the acceleration, velocity, and displacement responses spectrum are suitable up to the third level of decomposition for the small and medium dams, whereas for large dams, up to the fifth level of decomposition is suitable.A. HeidariOPTIMAL SINGLE AND MULTIPLE TUNED MASS DAMPERS BASED ON NONLINEAR STRUCTURES RESPONSES USING THE MOUTH BROODING FISH ALGORITHM
http://cefsse.iust.ac.ir/ijoce/browse.php?a_id=499&sid=1&slc_lang=en
The multiple tuned mass dampers (MTMDs) are considered among the control systems used for reducing the vibration of buildings under seismic excitations. A large number of the previous studies have mainly emphasized on the utilization and effectiveness of MTMD on linear structure responses, and few of them have investigated the effectiveness of MTMD on nonlinear multi-degree of freedom structures. Thus, in this paper, the effectiveness of MTMD on nonlinear buildings have been investigated. The effectiveness of the MTMD systems lies in their parameters, and the location of dampers in buildings. Accordingly, the optimization of MTMD’s properties, as well as its location, are taken into account in the present study. The Mouth Brooding Fish algorithm, which is a new optimization method is utilized for optimizing the properties corresponding to the MTMD system. The effectiveness levels of the MTMDs were compared with the efficiency of an equal optimally tuned mass damper (TMD), which was placed on the top of the building. The results of these comparisons revealed that MTMDs have provided a better efficiency compared to TMDs in reducing the maximum displacement of nonlinear structures. Moreover, MTMDs have a higher effectiveness when placed on different floors of the building.M. RoozbahanIMPROVED ARITHMETIC OPTIMIZATION ALGORITHM FOR STRUCTURAL OPTIMIZATION WITH FREQUENCY CONSTRAINTS
http://cefsse.iust.ac.ir/ijoce/browse.php?a_id=500&sid=1&slc_lang=en
The arithmetic optimization algorithm (AOA) is a recently developed metaheuristic optimization algorithm that simulates the distribution characteristics of the four basic arithmetic operations (i.e., addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division) and has been successfully applied to solve some optimization problems. However, the AOA suffers from poor exploration and prematurely converges to non-optimal solutions, especially when dealing with multi-dimensional optimization problems. More recently, in order to overcome the shortcomings of the original AOA, an improved version of AOA, named IAOA, has been proposed and successfully applied to discrete structural optimization problems. Compared to the original AOA, two major improvements have been made in IAOA: (1) The original formulation of the AOA is modified to enhance the exploration and exploitation capabilities; (2) The IAOA requires fewer algorithm-specific parameters compared with the original AOA, which makes it easy to be implemented. In this paper, IAOA is applied to the optimal design of large-scale dome-like truss structures with multiple frequency constraints. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first time that IAOA is applied to structural optimization problems with frequency constraints. Three benchmark dome-shaped truss optimization problems with frequency constraints are investigated to demonstrate the efficiency and robustness of the IAOA. Experimental results indicate that IAOA significantly outperforms the original AOA and achieves results comparable or superior to other state-of-the-art algorithms.A. Kaveh