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Showing 17 results for Charged System Search

Ali Kaveh, Siamak Talatahari,
Volume 1, Issue 1 (3-2011)

Optimal design of large-scale structures is a rather difficult task and the computational efficiency of the currently available methods needs to be improved. In view of this, the paper presents a modified Charged System Search (CSS) algorithm. The new methodology is based on the combination of CSS and Particle Swarm Optimizer. In addition, in order to improve optimization search, the sequence of tasks entailed by the optimization process is changed so that the updating of the design variables can directly be performed after each movement. In this way, the new method acts as a single-agent algorithm while preserving the positive characteristics of its original multi-agent formulation.
S. Talatahari, A. Kaveh, R. Sheikholeslami,
Volume 1, Issue 2 (6-2011)

The Charged System Search (CSS) is combined to chaos to solve mathematical global optimization problems. The CSS is a recently developed meta-heuristic optimization technique inspired by the governing laws of physics and mechanics. The present study introduces chaos into the CSS in order to increase its global search mobility for a better global optimization. Nine chaos-based CSS (CCSS) methods are developed, and then for each variant, the performance of ten different chaotic maps is investigated to identify the most powerful variant. A comparison of these variants and the standard CSS demonstrates the superiority and suitability of the selected variants for the benchmark mathematical optimization problems.
A. Kaveh, V.r. Mahdavi,
Volume 1, Issue 4 (12-2011)

In recent years, the importance of economical considerations in the field of dam engineering has motivated many researchers to propose new methods for minimizing the cost of dames and in particular arch dams. This paper presents a method for shape optimization of double curvature arch dams corresponding to minimum construction cost while satisfying different constraints such as natural frequencies, stability and geometrical limitations. For optimization, the charged system search (CSS) and particle swarm optimization (PSO) are employed. To validate the finite element model, a real arch dam is considered as a test example. The results of the present method are compared to those of other optimization algorithms for the selected example from literature.
A. Kaveh, A. Zolghadr,
Volume 2, Issue 3 (7-2012)

It is well known that damaged structural members may alter the behavior of the structures considerably. Careful observation of these changes has often been viewed as a means to identify and assess the location and severity of damages in structures. Among the responses of a structure, natural frequencies are both relatively easy to obtain and independent from external excitation, and therefore, could be used as a measure of the structure's behavior before and after an extreme event which might have lead to damage in the structure. Inverse problem of detection and assessment of structural damage using the changes in natural frequencies is addressed in this paper. This can be considered as an optimization problem with the location and severity of the damages being its variables. The objective is to set these variables such that the natural frequencies of the finite element model correspond to the experimentally measured frequencies of the actual damaged structure. In practice, although the exact number of damaged elements is unknown, it is usually believed to be small compared to the total number of elements of the structure. In beams and frames particularly, the necessity to divide the structural members into smaller ones in order to detect the location of the cracks more accurately, deepens this difference. This can significantly improve the performance of the optimization algorithms in solving the inverse problem of damage detection. In this paper, the Charged System Search algorithm developed by Kaveh and Talatahari [1] is improved to comprise the above mentioned point. The performance of the improved algorithm is then compared to the standard one in order to emphasize the efficiency of the proposed algorithm in damage detection inverse problems.
A. Kaveh, P. Zakian,
Volume 2, Issue 3 (7-2012)

In this article optimal design of shear walls is performed under seismic loading. For practical aims, a database of special shear walls is created. Special shear walls are used for seismic design optimization employing the charged system search algorithm as an optimizer. Constraints consist of design and performance limitations. Nonlinear behavior of the shear wall is taken into account and performance based seismic design optimization is accomplished. Capacity curves of the optimal solution are determined and compared incorporates soil–structure interaction. Also an optimization based method is proposed for bilinear approximation of capacity curve. These are a new methodology for seismic RC shear wall optimum design.
A. Kaveh, N. Shamsapour, R. Sheikholeslami, M. Mashhadian,
Volume 2, Issue 4 (10-2012)

This paper presents application of an improved Harmony Search (HS) technique and Charged System Search algorithm (CSS) to estimate transport energy demand in Iran, based on socio-economic indicators. The models are developed in two forms (exponential and linear) and applied to forecast transport energy demand in Iran. These models are developed to estimate the future energy demands based on population, gross domestic product (GDP), and the data of numbers of vehicles (VEH). Transport energy consumption in Iran is considered from 1968 to 2009 as the case of this study. The available data is partly used for finding the optimal, or near optimal values of the weighting parameters (1968-2003) and partly for testing the models (2004-2009). Finally transport energy demand in Iran is forecasted up to the year 2020.
A. Kaveh, B. Ahmadi, F. Shokohi, N. Bohlooli,
Volume 3, Issue 1 (3-2013)

The present study encompasses a new method to simultaneous analysis, design and optimization of Water Distribution Systems (WDSs). In this method, analysis procedure is carried out using Charged System Search (CSS) optimization algorithm. Besides design and cost optimization of WDSs are performed simultaneous with analysis process using a new objective function in order to satisfying the analysis criteria, design constraints and cost optimization. Comparison of achieved results clearly signifies the efficiency of the present method in reducing the WDSs construction cost and computational time of the analysis. These comparisons are made for three benchmark practical examples of WDSs.
A. Kaveh, B. Mirzaei, A. Jafarvand,
Volume 3, Issue 4 (10-2013)

The objective of this paper is to present an optimal design for single-layer barrel vault frames via improved magnetic charged system search (IMCSS) and open application programming interface (OAPI). The IMCSS algorithm is utilized as the optimization algorithm and the OAPI is used as an interface tool between analysis software and the programming language. In the proposed algorithm, magnetic charged system search (MCSS) and improved harmony search (IHS) are utilized to achieve a good convergence and good solutions especially in final iterations. The results confirm the efficiency of OAPI as a powerful interface tool in the analysis process of barrel vault structures and also the ability of IMCSS algorithm in fast convergence and achieving optimal results.
R. Sheikholeslami, A. Kaveh, A. Tahershamsi , S. Talatahari,
Volume 4, Issue 1 (3-2014)

A charged system search algorithm (CSS) is applied to the optimal cost design of water distribution networks. This algorithm is inspired by the Coulomb and Gauss’s laws of electrostatics in physics. The CSS utilizes a number of charged particles which influence each other based on their fitness values and their separation distances considering the governing law of Coulomb. The well-known benchmark instances, Hanoi network, double Hanoi network, and New York City tunnel problem, are utilized as the case studies to evaluate the optimization performance of CSS. Comparison of the results of the CSS with some other meta-heuristic algorithms indicates the performance of the new algorithm.
S. Talatahari, H. Veladi, B. Nouhi,
Volume 4, Issue 3 (9-2014)

Tunnel structures are known as expensive infrastructures and determining optimum designs of these structures can play a great role in minimizing their cost. The formulation of optimum design of industrial tunnel sections as an optimization is considered in this paper and then the enhanced charged system search, as a recently developed meta-heuristic approach, has been applied to solve the problem. The results and comparisons based on numerical examples show the efficiency of the optimization algorithm.
P. Sharafi, M. Askarian, M. E. Uz, H. Abaci,
Volume 7, Issue 1 (1-2017)

Preliminary layout design of buildings has a substantial effect on the ultimate design of structural components and accordingly influences the construction cost. Exploring structurally efficient forms and shapes during the conceptual design stage of a project can also facilitate the optimum integrated design of buildings. This paper presents an automated method of determining column layout design of rectilinear orthogonal building frames using Charged System Search (CSS) algorithm. The layout design problem is presented as a combinatorial optimization problem named multi-dimensional knapsack problem by setting some constraints to the problem, where the minimum cost and maximum plan regularity are the objectives. The efficiency and robustness of CSS to solve the combinatorial optimization problem are demonstrated through a numerical design problem. The results of the algorithm are compared to those of an ant colony algorithm in order to validate the solution.

H. Safari , A. Gholizad,
Volume 8, Issue 2 (8-2018)

Damage assessment is one of the crucial topics in the operation of structures. Multiplicities of structural elements and joints are the main challenges about damage assessment of space structure. Vibration-based damage evaluation seems to be effective and useful for application in industrial conditions and the low-cost. A method is presented to detect and assess structural damages from changes in mode shapes. First, the mechanism of using two-dimensional continuous wavelet transform is applied for damage localization. Second, finite element model updating technique is utilized as an inverse optimization problem by applying the charged system search algorithm to assess the damage in each element sited in the first stage. The study indicates the potentiality of the developed code to assess the damages of space structures without concerning about the size and shape of structure. A series of numerical examples with different damage scenarios have been carried out in the double layer space structures and the results confirm the reliability and applicability of introduced method.
M. T. Alami, H. Abbasi, M. H. Niksokhan , M. Zarghami,
Volume 8, Issue 2 (8-2018)

Best Management Practices (BMPs) are implemented in a watershed to reduce the amount of non-point source pollutants transported to water bodies. However, an optimization algorithm is required to choose the efficient type, size, and location of BMPs for application in a watershed for improving the water quality. In this study, the Charged System Search, a well-known and powerful meta-heuristic optimization algorithm, as an optimization model and a semi-distributed hydrological model i.e. Soil and Water Assesment Tool (SWAT) were coupled to obtain cost-effective combination of different BMPs. To demonstrate the performance and applicability of the coupled model, it was utilized to Sofichai watershed upstream of the Alavian Reservoir in the northwestern part of Iran to compare four reduction levels of sediment, nitrate nitrogen and phosphate phosphorous loads at the watershed outlet.
S. Delir, A. Foroughi-Asl, S. Talatahari,
Volume 9, Issue 2 (4-2019)

Water distribution networks are one of the important and costly infrastructures of cities and many meta-heuristic algorithms in standard or hybrid forms were used for optimizing water distribution networks. These algorithms require a large amount of computational cost. Therefore, the converging speed of algorithms toward the optimization goal is as important as the goal itself. In this paper, a new method is developed by linking the charged system search algorithm and firefly algorithm for optimizing water distribution networks. For evaluating the proposed method, some popular benchmark examples are considered. Simulation results demonstrate the efficiency of the proposed algorithm compared to others.
A. Kaveh, N. Khodadadi, S. Talatahari,
Volume 11, Issue 1 (1-2021)

In this article, an Advanced Charged System Search (ACSS) algorithm is applied for the optimum design of steel structures. ACSS uses the idea of Opposition-based Learning and Levy flight to enhance the optimization abilities of the standard CSS. It also utilizes the information of the position of each charged particle in the subsequent search process to increase the convergence speed. The objective function is to find a minimum weight by choosing suitable sections subjected to strength and displacement requirements specified by the American Institute of Steel Construction (AISC) standard subject to the loads defined by Load Resistance Factor Design (LRFD). To show the performance of the ACSS, four steel structures with different number of elements are optimized. The results, efficiency, and accuracy of the ACSS algorithm are compared to other meta-heuristic algorithms. The results show the superiority of the ACSS compared to the other considered algorithms.
H. Veladi, R. Beig Zali,
Volume 11, Issue 3 (8-2021)

The optimal design of dome structures is a challenging task and therefore the computational performance of the currently available techniques needs improvement. This paper presents a combined algorithm, that is supported by the mixture of Charged System Search (CSS) and Teaching-Learning-based optimization (TLBO). Since the CSS algorithm features a strong exploration and may explore all unknown locations within the search space, it is an appropriate complement to enhance the optimization process by solving the weaknesses with using another optimization algorithm’s strong points. To enhance the exploitation ability of this algorithm, by adding two parts of Teachers phase and Student phase of TLBO algorithm to CSS, a method is obtained that is more efficient and faster than standard versions of these algorithms. In this paper, standard optimization methods and new hybrid method are tested on three kinds of dome structures, and the results show that the new algorithm is more efficient in comparison to their standard versions.
P. Zakian,
Volume 11, Issue 4 (11-2021)

Natural frequencies of a structure give useful information about the structural response to dynamic loading. These frequencies should be far enough from the critical frequency range of dynamic excitations like earthquakes in order to prevent the resonance phenomenon sufficiently. Although there are many investigations on optimization of truss structures subjected to frequency constraints, just a few studies have been considered for optimal design of frame structures under these constraints. In this paper, a recently proposed metaheuristic algorithm called Adaptive Charged System Search (ACSS) is applied to optimal design of steel frame structures considering the frequency constraints. Benchmark design examples are solved with the ACSS, and optimization results are illustrated in terms of some statistical indices, convergence history and solution quality. The design examples include three planar steel frames with small to large number of design variables. Results show that the ACSS outperforms the charged system search algorithm in this sizing optimization problem.

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